The brain regulates everything from our muscle movements to our heartbeat. It stores precious memories, controls our emotions, and maintains our unique personalities. Any traumatic injury to the brain can cause life-altering effects on an individual as well as changes to the lives of family members.
At Younce, Vtipil, Baznik & Banks, P.A., our experienced personal injury attorneys understand the significant impact a traumatic brain injury can have on a person’s physical and financial well-being. Our compassionate legal team is committed to help people facing catastrophic injuries seek the full compensation available by law.
Has someone else’s carelessness or negligence caused you or a loved one to suffer a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury? Motor vehicle accidents cause many serious head injuries.
What Is a Traumatic Brain Injury?
A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the head that affects brain function. Penetrating wounds, combat injuries, and violent jolts to the head are the most common causes of TBIs.
Many traumatic brain injuries result from impacts caused by falls, motor vehicle crashes, and contact sports. Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows traumatic brain injuries are one of the leading causes of death and disability in the United States today.
Medical professionals categorize traumatic brain injuries in two ways:
- Closed Head Injury – Closed brain injuries occur when the head either sustains blunt force trauma, such as a forceful jolt, or is moving rapidly and is suddenly stopped, causing the brain to collide with the inside of the skull, bruising or damaging brain tissue. The head may collide with a hard surface, such as the ground or a windshield, causing bleeding, swelling, and tissue damage. Athletes may suffer severe traumatic brain injury in sports injuries. A closed head injury can also occur when a violent force propels the head forward and backward, such as a front-end or rear-end motor vehicle collision. Infants and small children who are shaken violently may sustain brain trauma, referred to as shaken baby syndrome.
- Open Head Injury – Gunshot wounds are one of the most common causes of penetrating brain injuries. Foreign objects such as broken pieces of bone from a skull fracture, tools, motor vehicle shrapnel, and industrial equipment can also cause penetrating brain injuries and severe traumatic brain injury.
Signs of a Traumatic Brain Injury
Doctors classify traumatic brain injuries from mild to severe depending on the extent of damage to the brain and the brain regions injured. Concussions are mild traumatic brain injuries. Concussion symptoms usually appear within a few minutes or hours, but occasionally they can manifest even days after a car accident or other accident. A severe TBI causes loss of consciousness.
Some of the most common signs and symptoms of a traumatic brain injury can include:
- Loss of consciousness
- Slurred speech
- Sensitivity to light or sound
- Changes in hearing or vision
- Double vision
- Loss of coordination or mobility
- Poor balance
- Sleep disturbances
- Changes in eating patterns
- Changes in mood
- Short or long-term memory problems
- Behavioral changes
- Loss of bladder or bowel control
Following a traumatic event, it is vital to seek immediate medical attention to check for signs of traumatic brain injury. Immediate intervention by a medical professional can significantly affect an individual’s prognosis and recovery.